The State of Poverty Research

Posted by on August 19, 2005

[posted from Community Based Participatory Research listserv]

The Comparative Research Programme on Poverty (CROP) of the International Social Science Council was commissioned in 2004 to write a state of the art review on poverty research by the Norwegian Research Council. This report can be downloaded at

Details of the chapter contents are below

The Polyscopic Landscape of Poverty Research
1. Disciplinary Approaches
2. Approaches by Other Actors
3. Examples of Dominant Approaches in Poverty Research
4. Institutions Involved in Different Forms of Poverty Research

Methodological Issues of Importance to Further the Scientific
Development of Poverty Research
1. Conceptual Changes
2. Poverty Reduction as a Goal for Poverty Research
3. Ethical Issues in Poverty Research
4. Poverty Research as a Long-term Project

Research Horizons: Poverty in Latin America
1. Introduction
2. Studies during the Eighties: From Crisis to Adjustment
3. Structuring a Residual Welfare Paradigm
4. Studies under the Residual Paradigm
5. Opening of the Multiparadigmatic Phase
6. Towards a New Generation of Studies

Poverty in South Africa: 2000-2005
1. Historical Context
2. The Past Five Years
3. The Wider Region
4. Conclusion

Poverty and Water: How Water Distribution and Allocation Is
Institutionalised within a Framework of Access and Denial
1. Introduction: Link between water and poverty
2. Role of water to society
3. Poverty – Water Research in the Past Decade
4. Water-Poverty Measurement Considerations
5. The Quest for Improved Availability of Water for the Poor
6. Stakeholder Participation
7. Economic Approaches
8. Water for Irrigation
9. The Current Focus on the Environment, Water – Poverty Nexus
10. The Need for Strengthening the Poverty-Water Linkage
11. Challenges for Future Research

Law and Poverty
1. Introduction
2. Law as Partially Constructing and Perpetuating Poverty
3. Social Welfare Laws Construct Identities and Exclusions
4. Legally Enforceable Individual Entitlements to Socio-Economic Rights
5. The Relevance of Multiple Legal Regimes to Poverty Reduction
6. Viewing Poverty Reduction through a Cross-Border Lens
7. Conclusion

Human Rights as an International Poverty Reducing Strategy
1. The New Emphasis on Human Rights in International Poverty Reduction Work
2. Conceptual and Operational Linkage between Human Rights and Development in
International Human Rights Law
3. The Relationship between Human Rights and Poverty Established by Human
Institutions and in the Literature
4. Key Research Challenges

Poverty and the Rights of Citizenship
1. Introduction
2. Three Principles of Welfare: Universalism, Targeting and Contribution
3. Scandinavian Universalism and Poverty Reduction
4. Old-age Pensions and Poverty in ‘Developing Countries’
5. A Universal Basic Income Grant (BIG)
6. Factors Conducive to Scandinavian Universalism
7. Open Questions

Agenda for Future Research on Poverty in the South
1. General Recommendations
2. Specific Recommendations
3. Poverty Production

The Extent of Norwegian Expertise and the Role of Norwegian Scholars
in Research on Poverty in the South
1. Data on Norwegian Research on Poverty in the South
2. The Framework of Norwegian Poverty Research Directed towards the South
3. The Role of Norwegian Scholars in International Poverty Research

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