Early Childhood Action Collective

Brief: How Cities Embrace Their Infants and Toddlers

Posted on March 6, 2017

How Cities Embrace Their Infants and Toddlers

The Early Childhood Action Collective is pleased to share with you the third in an ongoing series of briefs intended to inform the implementation of early childhood programs in Philadelphia.


Written by Judy Reidt-Parker and Harriet Dichter, How Cities Embrace Their Infants and Toddlers addresses the importance of acknowledging the need to maintain and expand services for infants and toddlers, even while developing preschool systems. In this paper, the authors provide examples of cities that have successfully maintained a vision for infant and toddler programs while implementing preschool, and propose considerations for Philadelphia as it proceeds to implement PHLpreK. An Executive Summary of the paper is also available.


The Early Childhood Action Collective (ECAC) is an initiative of Public Health Management Corporation, sponsored by the William Penn Foundation. ECAC is a multidisciplinary consortium involving researchers, policy experts, and practitioners who share a commitment to creating a better future for Philadelphia’s children.

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